Information Literacy is defined as:
“knowing when and why you need information, where to find it, and
how to evaluate it, use and communicate it in an ethical manner”
It involves several skills and competences. These are an understanding of:
a need for information
- the resources available
- how to find information
- the need to evaluate results
- how to work with or exploit results
- ethics and responsibility of use
- how to communicate or share your findings
- how to manage your findings.
The skills and competencies are stages in the process of undertaking an information task in personal, social, vocational, educational or occupational contexts. They are used sequentially and repeatedly in every type of context. They encompass the components of problem solving: critical thinking; planning and organising; and reviewing and evaluating. Each skill or competence can also be a major focus of activity on its own.
It encompasses all media types and formats – electronic, people and printed information sources.
Attainment levels range from:
learning and using individual information skills with assistance
- using some information skills to perform a simple information task with assistance if required
- efficiently and effectively undertaking a significant piece of research.
These levels are a graduation / progression in the development of Information Literacy skills from early learner / novice to expert.